The reception of children and adolescents in the state of Rio de Janeiro started to return to earlier ranges this 12 months. A nationwide epidemicThe twenty ninth census of the inhabitants of children and adolescents welcomed in the state of Rio de Janeiro, launched at present (23) by the Ministry of Public Affairs of the State of Rio de Janeiro (MPRJ).
In the interval from March to June 2019, there have been 1,365 receptions. In the identical interval of 2020, the quantity fell to 638, which suggests a drop of greater than 50% in the absolute quantity. According to the survey, the lower will be interpreted as optimistic knowledge, however, in the context of the epidemic and Separation Social, representing much less safety, provides a rise Violence Restrictions on household life and neighborhood life.
This version of the census reveals that there are at the moment 1,455 shelters in the state. Data refers to June 2022.
“We have seen a development again to the stage of stability earlier than the begin of the pandemic. If, from March to June 2020, the quantity of receptions in the state decreased by greater than 50%, we will now see a gradual restoration in these numbers as social isolation measures are relaxed and children and adolescents return face-to-face. Activities “, says prosecutor Rodrigo Cesar Medina, coordinator of the Operational Support Center of the Prosecutors Office for Children and Youth and supervisor of the Child and Adolescent Module (MCA) system of the MPRJ.
The census reveals that the essential purpose for mentioning children and adolescents is negligence of mother and father or guardians. Overall, 526 have been admitted because of this, representing 36.15% of the complete, a proportion that has been maintained over the years. The second essential purpose for admission is abandonment by mother and father or guardians, which occurred with a complete of 10.31% of 150 children and adolescents. Then comes bodily or psychological abuse towards a baby or adolescent, which occurred to 99 of them, which is 6.8% of the complete. Slightly greater than half of these admitted, 51%, don’t go to.
According to Medina, the census additionally reveals an enchancment in the size of keep of children and adolescents in institutional care companies and in the definition of their authorized standing.
In 2020, 58% had been in these locations for lower than 1 12 months and 6 months, which is the most authorized time period in the host state of affairs. Now the proportion has elevated to 66%. “This signifies that children and adolescents are granted asylum inside the most authorized time period in the state of Rio de Janeiro and spend much less time in the asylum service, reunified with the household or positioned in substitute households in the kind of guardianship, custody. Or adoption”, explains Medina.
For the authorized state of affairs, 929 children and adolescents, 64% of the complete, have litigation. On the different hand, 329, equal to 23%, are nonetheless with out litigation or authorized motion. “The twenty ninth Census reveals that the definition of the authorized standing of children and juveniles has additionally improved considerably. When the Public Ministry began doing this work, in 2008, in the first census, we had 81% of children who have been proposed with no lawsuit to outline their authorized standing. We now have solely 36% of children with no proposed lawsuits, which is a giant step ahead.
Of the complete quantity of individuals accepted, 176 are eligible for adoption. Most are 7 years or older. This, in response to Medina, underscores the significance of encouraging late adoption. Only 12 shelters are in the age group as much as 6 years; 28 shelters eligible for adoption vary in age from 7 to 11; 66 are between 12 and 15 years previous; And 70 are between 16 and 18 years previous.
Regarding the reception time of individuals appropriate for adoption, about 70% have been welcomed for greater than 1 12 months and 6 months. The twenty ninth Census additionally reveals that 43 children and adolescents (2%) have been taken after unsuccessful adoption makes an attempt; 74 (5%) as a consequence of unsuccessful prolonged household custody or guardianship; 46 (3%) have been readmitted consequently of unsuccessful custody or guardianship for third events and 15 (1%) returned to foster care after trying to reunify their mother and father.
The twenty ninth Census additionally reveals that 80% of children and adolescents are black. In phrases of these eligible for adoption, following the race standards adopted in the survey, 40% of children and adolescents are black and 44% are brown. For the promoter, this knowledge ought to contribute to the dialogue of public insurance policies and to holding debates on the situation of racial inequality in the state of Rio de Janeiro.
Regarding the termination of children and adolescents, census knowledge present that the largest proportion, about 40%, left shelter companies as a result of they have been reunited with their mother and father. Then 20% escaped, ie ran away. Placement in a surrogate household corresponds to the third purpose for theft, occurring in 14.82% of circumstances, 9.26% having custody or guardianship transferred to an prolonged household, and 4.73% reaching the age of majority.
The census is carried out based mostly on knowledge from the Child and Adolescent Module (MCA), a system containing data on the socio-authorized state of affairs of sheltered children and adolescents in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The goal of the MCA is to handle the registration in a single database of data associated to children and adolescents in shelter in addition to household and institutional care companies, making them out there on-line to the protecting community.
MCA census is carried out in June and December yearly and printed on the system web page. These knowledge function a subsidy for the dialogue and consideration of public insurance policies for children and adolescents in shelter. Each session, 93 censuses are made, one state and 92 municipal, along with particular research, equivalent to the Covid-19 pandemic.