A civic parade in Pirai do Sul (PR), marking the 2 hundredth anniversary of Brazil’s independence, featured black and brown children dressed as slaves, turning the nation’s emancipation monument right into a racist demonstration. Held final Sunday (18), the parade was filmed and quickly launched on the social community of City Hall, which instantly eliminated the video after being accused of racism and changing into the goal of an investigation by the Ministry of Public Affairs and the Office of the Public Defender of Paraná. .
The parade on Avenida Bernardo Barbosa Mileo was divided into wings and, on a float representing the Portuguese royal household, the video reveals solely white children, wearing interval garments and swords. Pedro Álvarez Cabral’s caravel was additionally represented by a white little one inside a speedboat with a telescope in his hand, with the purple cross of Portugal hanging within the background. However, on the bottom, solely black children dress in rags and parade their arms in faux chains, a logo of the interval of slavery.
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In the evaluation of lawyer Antonio Leandro, the picture of the parade itself is a racist expression. “Is there a parade that, telling the historical past of Germany, represents the Jews killed within the fuel chambers throughout World War II? And why do they do that with black slavery, which had a better loss of life toll than the Holocaust?”, he asks.
Piraeus City Hall, in a observe, mentioned the occasion was meant to protect “civic values” and “develop a way of belonging among the many total inhabitants of Piraeus” and that “at no time was this act characterised by against the law towards black folks, nor was it towards the dignity of the human particular person.” No disrespect was meant.”
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However, Leandro warns that the illustration of black children as slaves could instill in them the concept that they’ll at all times be related to a stage of exclusion and inferiority in comparison with whites. “What does this symbolize within the creativeness of a seven- to nine-year-old little one, on the time when he’s forming his reminiscences? He is not going to need to go to class on September 7 as a result of he might be humiliated by different children, known as ‘slave’ and different insults.”
In the lawyer’s evaluation, there are two important issues in Brazilian training: the duty of the state for not getting ready academics to show Afro-Brazilian historical past positively, and the dearth of sensitivity of academics to assemble data in a constructive method. More pluralism and anti-racism.
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Therefore, advocates declare that discrimination and structural racism are additionally causes for dropping out of college. In this sense, based on Pnad Contínua of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), greater than 70% of Brazilians between the ages of 14 and 29 drop out of college.
Antonio Leandro additionally explains that the Brazilian training system has not but acknowledged the function of the black inhabitants within the nation’s historical past, citing them in a way of denial and, for probably the most half, solely to clarify the interval of slavery in Brazil. “In 2003, Law 10,639 dictated that each one private and non-private faculties should train the historical past of African tradition. It took a regulation to inform training managers that ‘to grasp the social building of the nation it is advisable perceive the historical past of 53% of the Brazilian inhabitants'”, he lamented. performed
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However, the lawyer cites as an instance the historical past of Quilombo dos Palmeras, which is often taught in historical past books as a “refuge for runaway slaves” quite than a “nation inside Brazil”, which had its personal political and financial system and construction, which lasted greater than 100 years. went on “They had a whole inner tradition and economic system, ruled by the previous folks within the nation as a state empire, and Zumbi dos Palmeras was not the one chief, however the final one”, he says.
Furthermore, Antonio explains that Quilombo dos Palmares had, at occasions, sufficient autonomy to barter immediately with the Crown from gold to agricultural manufacturing throughout colonial Brazil. “This is the distinction from the black man’s perspective in African historical past”, he says.
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In flip, the Ministry of Public Affairs and the Office of the Public Defender of Paraná additionally realized that the Pirai do Sul parade was a transparent expression of racism and, due to this fact, opened an investigation into the case. While the Public Prosecutor’s Office mentioned in a observe that it will examine the case in secrecy as a result of it concerned minors, the Public Defender’s Office mentioned it was contemplating opening a public civil motion towards these accountable for the act.
According to lawyer Antonio Leandro, the aim of this process is civil-administrative legal responsibility, which solely gives for monetary penalties (by money fines) or “duty to do”, such as the willpower to appropriate the error and to counter-publicize. For racist act..
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However, Leandro says fixing the problem requires greater than public citizen motion. According to Law 7,716, these accountable for deciding which children would symbolize slaves within the parade are criminally accountable for racial discrimination, the lawyer says. “It is important to carry the Department of Education accountable for the conduct, perspective by the trainer who was accountable and the director of the varsity, whether or not it was because of the intention, which is the need to discriminate racially, or by the crime”, he defined. .
Coordinators of the Public Defender’s Office of the Center for Citizenship and Human Rights (NUCIDH) and the Center for Children and Youth (NUDIJ) labeled the parade as “unacceptable”. Antonio Vitor Barbosa de Almeida of NUCIDH mentioned that “in a civic parade celebrating Brazil’s independence, citizenship and equality ought to be exalted, and never the reinforcement of stereotypes”.