The State Department of Health of Rio de Janeiro (SES-RJ) took benefit of the Youth Day celebrated at the moment (21), which ends on the thirtieth, to publicize the importance of vaccination towards HPV, together with vaccination.
A vaccine towards HPV (human papillomavirus) was added to the immunization schedule in 2014. The vaccine is the finest technique to forestall ailments brought on by the papillomavirus, corresponding to genital warts, precancerous lesions, and cervical and genital cancers.
Health nurse Gabrieli Damasceno, Coordinator of Epidemic Surveillance at SES, advises these accountable to take their youngsters and adolescents as much as 15 years of age for normal vaccination playing cards towards ailments corresponding to measles, mumps and rubella, diphtheria and tetanus. , Hepatitis B. , yellow fever, meningitis, chickenpox and primarily, HPV, which has a really particular age group.
“When youngsters or adolescents on this age group are vaccinated – ladies aged 9 to 14 and boys aged 11 to 14 – they scale back the danger of cervical most cancers by 70%, in addition to warts in the genital tract, each feminine and male”, Gabrieli stated. .
Vaccination in the state of Rio de Janeiro may be very low, not just for HPV however for all different vaccines, the coordinator admitted. “Because there isn’t any level in taking one dose. There are vaccines that require three doses to get the full schedule, and others, two doses, corresponding to HPV”.
The HPV vaccine is obtainable by the Unified Health System (SUS) and is offered at well being posts. It protects towards 4 varieties of virus: HPV-16 and HPV-18, each of that are excessive danger; and low-risk HPV-6 and HPV-11. According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), HPV-16 and HPV-18 are accountable for not less than 70% of cervical most cancers circumstances.
In the state of Rio de Janeiro, the HPV vaccination charge for women aged 9 to 14 years in the first half of 2022 was 54.76% for the first dose and 33.27% for the full vaccination schedule. In case of boys, the share was 22.45% and 14.02% respectively. “For us to know that these youngsters have been vaccinated, solely by receiving the full doses of that vaccine,” he stated.
Gabrieli Damaseno reported that, like vaccination towards HPV, vaccination towards different ailments falls brief of what is required. For measles, for instance, the first dose is about 40% and the second about 20% of the audience. “Polio follows this similar sample. It just isn’t for lack of immunobiologicals, as a result of the Ministry of Health has despatched them and the State Department of Health has despatched them to all the municipalities”.
HPV is one of the most typical sexually transmitted infections (STI) and is often unfold by sexual activity or sexual contact with somebody who has the virus. The illness may also be unfold when condoms are used.
The virus survives for a very long time on the floor of objects and subsequently, may also be transmitted by objects or supplies utilized by contaminated folks.
Since the starting of August, SES has been conducting a nationwide immunization marketing campaign towards poliomyelitis and multi-vaccination throughout the state, in partnership with municipal well being departments. The motion offers for updating the vaccination booklet of youngsters and adolescents as much as 15 years of age, providing doses towards measles, rubella and mumps (triple viral), diphtheria and tetanus (DT), hepatitis B, yellow fever, meningitis. (meningococcal ACWY conjugate), chickenpox and HPV.
According to the SES-RJ Epidemiological Surveillance Coordinator, vaccination charges are low. Fake information. One of these pretend information tales circulating on social media is that youngsters who have been vaccinated towards measles, mumps and rubella turned autistic. “It has nothing to do with it. This anti-vaccine motion has completed quite a bit of injury to vaccine protection”, he warns.
However, she admits that the Kovid-19 pandemic drove residents away from well being posts in 2020 and 2021. In the case of measles, she recalled that Brazil is in the course of of reverifying the eradication certificates it misplaced in 2019. “With every passing day, different vaccine-preventable ailments are selecting up once more, as a result of persons are not being vaccinated. If we’ve the vaccine, why not the vaccine?”, he requested.
Gabrieli additionally highlighted that Brazil is a world reference nation in phrases of the high quality of its vaccines, that are saved, preserved and exported in all security ranges, in order to not lose the validity and effectiveness of the immunobiological.
“Therefore, there isn’t any purpose to not vaccinate.”