Ethical-methodological points in research with children is the topic of a file within the journal Altera, edited by the Postgraduate Program in Anthropology (PPGA) of the Federal University of Peraba (UFPB). This thirteenth version of the scientific journal brings collectively 11 essential articles, two works on different subjects, an ethnographic report, two visible essays, and a tribute to Brazilian anthropologist, researcher, and professor Mauro Couri.
The file was organized by Professors Emilen Sousa, Flavia Pires and Maria Amors of the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA), UFPB and Federal University of Pará (UFPA) respectively. This particular version of Altera additionally counts with the participation of a number of members of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) Child, Society and Culture (CRIAS) research group headed by Flavia Pires.
“When we embody children in anthropological research, as our key informants, natives, interlocutors, collaborators, what occurs? Can we work with the identical strategies used with adults? Do you should adapt them? How can these educated topics take part in our research in a society the place children’s voices are muted, irrelevant, childish? We wager on the other. We consider that children convey new views on actuality if these views will not be delivered to gentle, anthropological texts lose sense”, analyzes Flavia Pires.
According to Emilen Sousa, 11 key articles replicate on research with children in numerous contexts. “In social actions, on the seashore in Cape Verde, in Mozambique, in institutional contexts of asylums or prisons, in faculties, in conditions of sickness, within the countryside, in displacement across the metropolis. All these articles problematize the ethical-methodological problems with their research in numerous circumstances”, says the exterior collaborator.
According to the UFMA professor, the ethnographic technique makes use of conventional anthropological strategies, corresponding to interviews, casual conversations and remark in subject research with children, but in addition processes corresponding to drawings and essays and instruments corresponding to recorders, cameras and digital camera demonstrations. Combined strategies and the potential of children as co-investigators.
“From an moral standpoint, the articles query what moral procedures we have now adopted and the way we deal with the specificity of research on protected topics who will not be legally liable for their actions, however who’re nonetheless understood as full and entitled individuals”. Analyzes. Emilen Sousa. For her, children are additionally constituted as co-authors in ethnographic texts – their names, their voices and their photos (whether or not their faces in images or the work they make) – in ways in which level to them not solely as producers. acknowledge Realism is inserted into it, with out neglecting the peculiarities of every case and the flexibility of ethnography to search out options in every of those instances, however affirming the significance of their authorship within the textual content.
UFPB Professor Flavia Pires remembers that the file was created in 2020 on the thirty second Meeting of Brazilian Anthropology (RBA). For the occasion, she says, “Emilen Sousa and I proposed a working group (WG) on this subject, as a result of, in Brazil, there may be already lots of research with children within the fields of childhood research, little one anthropology, sociology of childhood. But in jobs There is often a common method. There is not any in-depth moral and methodological dialogue. That is why we really feel the necessity to consider this matter on this file”, says the professor.
According to Flavia Pires, doing research with children illuminates anthropological research normally as a result of it highlights dilemmas and options that may be discovered. That, by the best way, highlights two research exterior of Brazil which might be current within the file. one with Mozambican children and the opposite from Cape Verde, each on the African continent and with a Portuguese-speaking inhabitants.
“I feel this is essential from the standpoint of our integration with these international locations that we name the Global South of Portuguese colonization, which nonetheless endure from colonial points that come up right this moment. I consider it’s crucial not solely to speak with researchers who research in these areas, however we additionally do research with them, who’ve suffered and are nonetheless struggling the identical historic processes as us, albeit with their very own traits”, the UFPB researcher. defends
Although there was a major improve in research with children lately, Emilen Sousa thinks that there must be a lot dialogue about using conventional strategies and anthropological strategies in research that considers children as key topics. In addition, for her, moral points corresponding to using photos in images, the disclosure of her identify and her signed drawings elevate a collection of questions that Childhood Studies has by no means exhausted.
To put together the file, Flavia Pires additionally highlights the work of PPGA doctoral scholar Christina Gladis and the photographer Thiago Nozzi liable for the duvet picture. The Scientific journal cowl is a montage with a photograph by Thiago Nozzi and a baby drawn by Serena Pires Ayoub. It depicts a second when researcher Carla Mendonsa takes her dissertation to working children throughout her grasp’s diploma. Nubia Gudes and Mohana Morais from the Postgraduate Program in Sociology (PPGS) at UFPB additionally contributed.
Monica can be Professor at PPGA at UFPB and Editor at Altera, along with French Professor Pedro Nascimento. She provides that the theme of the following file might be “Ethnographies of a syndemic: Covid-19 and its interactions”, organized by her and Sonia Maloof and Soraya Fleischer, respectively professors on the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). and Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC) Brasilia (UnB).
A syndemic is a set of intently associated, mutually aggravating well being issues that considerably have an effect on the overall well being standing of a inhabitants within the context of persistently antagonistic social circumstances, in response to Singer. This idea is current in an already extensively cited tutorial essay written by researchers José Patricio Bispo Jr. and Djenilson Barbosa dos Santos for volumes 37 and 10 of the Cadernos de Saude Pública of the Osvaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), revealed final 12 months. The new Altera Dossier will convey texts produced within the context of the Anthropo-Covid Research Network based mostly on UFPB and with the participation of researchers from UFSC, UnB, UFPA and Unicentro.
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Reporting: Pedro Paz
Editing: Aline Lins
Photos: Jainara de Souza