Apparently, the sexually lively inhabitants takes care of itself much less and fewer in Marilia. That’s as a result of, from 2020 until now, the number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is rising yearly.
In 2022, there are already 169 circumstances of acquired syphilis, in comparison with 119 in the similar interval final 12 months and 57 in the similar interval of 2020.
Other illnesses like syphilis and hepatitis have additionally elevated amongst pregnant girls. 79 circumstances of syphilis amongst pregnant girls had been reported this 12 months. In the similar interval final 12 months, there have been 45, greater than double the number in 2020, when 21 circumstances had been reported. The number of hepatitis circumstances elevated from 4 in 2020 to 9 in 2021 and 15 this 12 months.
According to Amin Ibn Chahrur, a doctor at the Infectology Outpatient Clinic (SAE) of the Specialized Assistance Services (SAE), a number of elements could contribute to the enhance in STI circumstances.
“The first is non-protection, not utilizing a condom throughout intercourse, which is a vital issue. Condoms are a really efficient methodology of contraception, and we’ve observed that they aren’t getting used correctly and successfully. The second purpose is that the signs of the most typical STIs, and I’ll embody syphilis, which is the most typical and the one which’s on the rise, are very early signs – they’re very early signs, distinct, they usually’re very early on. Disappears, which doesn’t imply that the illness was cured or in remission. I feel these two elements, related to the concern of Covid, going to a well being unit and coming into contact with an individual optimistic for Covid, all contribute to the large an infection,” he says.
It additionally emphasizes the significance of fast exams, with outcomes in as little as twenty minutes, in order that illnesses may be handled appropriately. “We try to lift consciousness about the significance of exams, in ten or twenty minutes you have already got the end result for syphilis, hepatitis and HIV”, concludes the physician.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted an infection brought on by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Symptoms are typically delicate and delay in in search of therapy can result in severe issues. The illness is curable and therapy is accessible by way of the Unified Health System (SUS).
The essential type of prevention is the use of condoms in all sexual activity (anal, oral and vaginal).
When syphilis is discovered in pregnant girls, therapy ought to be began as quickly as attainable to forestall vertical transmission, that’s, to move the illness to the little one. The Sexual intercourse must also be screened and handled to forestall re-infection of the pregnant lady.
If not handled in time, the illness can have an effect on the central nervous system, cardiovascular system and organs resembling eyes, pores and skin and bones. The indicators and signs of syphilis range in line with every stage of the illness, which begins with a wound at the level of entry of the micro organism (penis, vulva, vagina, cervix, anus, mouth or different locations on the pores and skin), which known as “Cancer”. Later, A rash could seem on the physique, which normally doesn’t itch, together with the palms of the palms and soles of the ft, in addition to fever, malaise, headache and a runny nostril all through the physique.
If syphilis shouldn’t be handled, it may well result in many different illnesses and issues, together with demise.
Hepatitis B, a sexually transmitted illness, has no signs in most circumstances. Because of this, the illness is commonly recognized many years after an infection, with indicators of different liver illnesses, resembling fatigue, dizziness, nausea and/or vomiting, fever, belly ache, yellow pores and skin and eyes. Such signs normally seem solely in extra superior phases of the illness.
Diagnosis is made by way of a selected blood take a look at.
How to forestall
Use condoms in all sexual activity and don’t share gadgets for private use, resembling shaving and shaving blades, toothbrushes, manicure and pedicure supplies, drug use tools, tattoos and piercings.