Elections are approaching and the proof is palpable: free election time on TV and radio, full election campaigning (although restricted) on seventh September, sporadic political demonstrations, hate speeches and Fake information on social networks. Yes, certainly the elections are approaching.
By advantage of artwork. 77 of the Federal Constitution, the presidential election will happen on 10.02.22, on the primary Sunday of October (and on the final Sunday of October, within the 2nd spherical, if any), collectively with the elections of senators, federal deputies, state. Deputies and Governors. And, whereas many voters didn’t even notice that voting was a democratic train (immersed in psychological or political alienation), only some targeted on authorities applications, in search of motivation to justify their decisions.
In Brazil, voting is obligatory from the age of 18, however already on the age of 16, youngsters can vote if they need. It is about encouraging the act of voluntary lively citizenship and political duty.
But then, if children do not vote (0 to 12 years previous) and if solely a small fraction of youngsters can vote (over 16 years previous, registered in electoral justice and who successfully need to), why, in spite of everything, ought to elections be theirs? What to do with?
All to do with it, if we take into account that Brazil ought to give absolute precedence to children and adolescents; If we’re clear that this was a constitutional determination and not a mere suggestion to the citizens.
All individuals are equal earlier than the legislation in Brazil, with out discrimination of any variety (Art. 5, Capt However, after this formal equality is overcome, constitutional advantages are accorded to children and adolescents in relation to different topics of legislation. It is true, many are unaware, however the plenty of children (0 to 18 years of age) are the “privileged recipients” of all elementary rights and different particular rights of the group.
Unfortunately, little is claimed about it, however Brazilian children and youngsters or foreigners dwelling within the nation situation Especially in contrast to different individuals, like younger individuals1 (aged 15 to 29), adults (above 18) and seniorsTwo (above 60 years of age), and ought to obtain precedence in each the enlargement of public insurance policies and the belief of rights and obligations.
You could ask your self: How? Why this precedence?
And the reply is straightforward: as a result of we wished it that approach in 1988, when, introduced by the members of the National Constituent Assembly, we issued the Federal Constitution, clearly offering such precedence in artwork. 227: “It is the responsibility of the household, society and the state to be sure that children, adolescents and younger individuals, with absolute precedenceThe proper to life, well being, meals, training, leisure, entrepreneurship, tradition, dignity, respect, freedom and household and neighborhood coexistence moreover the correct to be shielded from all types of neglect, discrimination, exploitation, violence, cruelty and oppression.
Therefore, the unique constituent energy to inaugurate the brand new Brazilian constitutional order was the choice to formally and clearly declare the intention to worth children and adolescents otherwise, as topics of important rights within the building of social and financial sustainability. A future for all societies together with current and future generations3.
Despite all this, sadly, there is no such thing as a consensus among the many presidential candidates on absolutely the precedence, and of the 12 candidates for this place, few embody of their authorities plans the necessity to enhance and strengthen the system for guaranteeing the rights of children and adolescents. And, even those that predict do not essentially implement practices on this sense based mostly on their historical past.
Considering the significance of the theme and with the purpose of elevating consciousness among the many inhabitants earlier than going to the polls, Portal Lunetas, in partnership with the Alana Institute, chosen what every candidate described of their authorities plans for children and adolescents.4.
A priority that arises from studying authorities plans is that proposals on structural issues are restricted by being symbolic and media, with out correct formulation and implementation of public insurance policies built-in with different authorities applications and articulated. Additionally, polls present that presidential candidates do not deal with how they intend to deal with funding and articulation bottlenecks with states and municipalities, all of which point out a scarcity of significance they place on the agenda.
Who is aware of, relying on the calls for of organizations defending children and younger individuals, actors on this discipline of exercise and public opinion, this matter will nonetheless be correctly explored by the candidates within the upcoming debates. with constitutional mandates.
Once once more, the proposal and implementation of public insurance policies to assure the rights of children and adolescents isn’t a mere electoral advice or suggestion to candidates, however a transparent and overriding constitutional mandate, from which any elected official can exempt himself, even when it supplies him To be performed or not. For his plan of presidency.
For this purpose, the column Migalhas Infencia e Juventude couldn’t fail to deal with this situation, though with no political-partisan place, since, children and adolescents do not vote, though they’re the direct recipients of public insurance policies on the a part of “so”. -called” representatives of democracy, are pressing to get well5 and strengthening funding within the discipline of children and youth.
1 Art 16, §1 of Law 12.852/13. Available right here. Accessed 09.12.2022.
3 According to IBGE information, in 2021, the variety of children and adolescents between the ages of zero and 19 dwelling in Brazil was 69 million, representing about 33% of the full inhabitants. Available right here. Accessed 09.21.2022.
5 is obtainable right here. Accessed 09.21.2022.